It declares a variable
str that can hold a reference to a
No object has been created.
An object exists only after it has been constructed. Objects are constructed only as a program is running when an object constructor is invoked.
Once it has been constructed,
an object is accessed by following a reference to the object.
Often, the reference is held in a reference variable such as
the following example,
a reference variable is declared,
an object is constructed,
and then the reference to the object is put in the reference variable:
String str; // declare a reference variable str = "Hello World" ; // construct the object and // save its reference
Of course, it is OK to declare an object reference variable and not place a reference in it (it might only sometimes be needed.) And it is OK to use the same reference variable for different objects at different times:
String str; str = "Hello World" ; . . . . str = "Good-by" ;
(Thought Question: ) What could you do if your program needed to keep track of 1000 different strings?